Since 2010, military training has been required in Russian schools as part of OBZh, a “health and safety” course.
This year for the first time, a student in Tatarstan openly refused to take part because of his pacifist beliefs. He was threatened with a black mark on his permanent record if he didn’t comply.
Read what happened to Kamil in our winter newsletter. It also features peacemaking in Ukraine and Moscow, and Quaker book publishing in Russian.
Photo: students at School # 55, Perm (photo by Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation)